The United Kingdom is a culturally diverse nation, with people from different backgrounds and races living together. However, despite the UK being seen as a tolerant society, race-based issues still exist, with the Black community being disproportionately affected by a range of issues such as poverty, unemployment and health inequalities.
Although the number of Black people living in England is not explicitly known, the Office for National Statistics has suggested that over 3% of the population describe themselves as Black or Black British. This translates to approximately 1.9 million people.
The Black community is not evenly spread throughout England but rather, concentrated in certain areas. The West Midlands, London, East Midlands and the North West region of England are the areas with the highest concentration of Black people.
There are various factors that contribute to the racial disparities in England. One of the main factors is racism, which can manifest itself in different forms such as institutional, structural or personal. Racism can lead to discrimination in employment, education, housing and other areas of life. This can in turn create or exacerbate disparities between Black and White communities.
Income inequality is also a contributing factor, as Black households are more likely to be living in poverty. According to 2019 figures from the Office for National Statistics, 38% of Black households are in the lowest 20% of the income brackets compared to 19% of White households.
Health inequality is another factor contributing to disparities between Black and White communities. Black people in England are more likely to have health issues such as diabetes, hypertension and sickle cell anemia than White people. In addition, Black people are more likely to experience poor mental health.
Racial disparities can have significant social and economic impacts. In the case of the Black community, disparities can lead to higher levels of poverty, lower life expectancy, reduced educational attainment and poor mental health.
In terms of the economic impact, racial disparities can lead to lower levels of productivity, which in turn can reduce the competitiveness of the economy. This can be highlighted in the high levels of unemployment and underemployment that affect some Black communities
In conclusion, while the UK is often lauded as a tolerant society, it is clear that significant disparities exist between Black and White communities. These disparities impact various aspects of life, from education and health to employment and income. Addressing these disparities should be a priority for both policymakers and society as a whole, in order to create a more equal and cohesive society for all.